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Dental glossary

Dental glossary

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 A


Abrasion
It burnout or loss of tooth structure caused by the friction in the act of biting or other external causes such as bad brushing teeth.

Abutment
Tooth natural (or implant), which is used as support for a dental prosthesis, either fixed or removable.

Alveolar Bone
The part of the jaw that surrounds the roots of the teeth.

Alveolar process
The party curve of the jaw which are rooted in the teeth.

Alveolus
Cavity or socket in the alveolar bone that is housed in each of the man's teeth.

Ankylosis
A condition where two tissues are hard fused together. When this happens to a tooth and alveolar bone, tooth erupts part.

Amalgam
Alloy of mercury with another metal rich in the less mercury amalgam is, the greater its hardness; amalgam of silver and tin used in arrangements or dental restorations.

Analgesia
Disappearance, whether natural or caused, any feeling of pain due to drugs or other chemical agents without loss of consciousness.

Ankylosis
Condition where two hard tissues are united, this happens in the case of the tooth with the alveolar bone.

Anesthesia
Deprivation all or part of the sensibility of a temporary through an anesthetic substance: general anesthesia.

Apicoectomy
Surgical procedure that involves the removal of the tip of a tooth root (apex).

 B


Base
Species dental cement that can be used in various dental treatments.

Benign
Referred to a disease which is not serious because it is located and is not a malignant.

Bicuspid
Tooth which has two peaks, this is the case of premolars.

Bilateral
Occurring on, or belong to, left sides rights y.

Biopsy
Extraction and analysis of tissues, cells or liquid, which is made to complete or confirm a diagnosis.

Bite Occlusion
incorrect position of the surfaces bite or chewing of the upper and lower teeth.

Bleaching
Cosmetic procedure consisting of bleaching teeth using a bleaching solution.

Bonding
Composite resin, which is applied to a tooth to fill or alter its form or coloration.

Bridge
A fixed or removable replacement for one or more but not all natural teeth, usually anchored at each end to a natural tooth.

Bruxism
Habit of squeezing or grinding teeth inadvertently that occurs during sleep.

 C


Calculus
Accumulation abnormal and more or less compact salts and minerals that adhere to the crowns and / or roots of the teeth.

Canal
A step or a tubular relatively narrow canal.

Caries
Destruction of a localized hard tissue, especially that produced in the teeth

Carilla
Restoration resin or porcelain placed on the front surface of a tooth in the form of foil to give it a natural look.

Cariogenic
It promotes cavities.

Cavity
Decaimiento in the tooth caused by tooth decay; also designated cariada injury.

Cementum
Fine hard connective tissue covering the root of the tooth.

Ceramic
Biocompatible very resistant material used in veneers, bridges and crowns more advanced.

Cleft lip
Birth defect in which one or more cracks formed in the upper lip, which occurs while the fetus is growing.

Cleft palate
Congenital deformation resulting in the absence of a merger of the soft palate and / or disk, partial or complete.

Compound
A dental restorative material composed of disparate parts or separated (eg particles of resin and quartz).

Conscious Sedation
It is the state in which a patient has no awareness of what can be happening, but this is kept awake, and can swallow breathe on his own.

Crown
Case in the form of tooth that is placed over a tooth existing or an implant to improve their strength or their appearance.

 D


Dental implant
Screw titanium that replaces the root of the tooth.

Dental Bridge
Tooth is placed through artificial wreaths and filled a gap between the teeth.

Dental crown
Case in the form of tooth that is placed over a tooth existing or an implant to improve their strength or their appearance.

Dental Pulp
blood vessels and nerves inside the tooth.

 E


Endodontics
Branch of dentistry that specializes in the removal of the nerve of the tooth. With this treatment sometimes prevents the removal of the same.

 G


Gingivitis
Inflammation of the gums surrounding the teeth, caused by the accumulation of plaque dento-bacterial or remnants of food.

 I


Implant
Support for a bridge or denture that has been surgically inserted into the bone.

Inlay
Shutter sound molded to fill the missing portion of the tooth, which is cementa to fix it. The embedding higher covers one or more cusps.

 L


Linking
A composite resin was applied to a tooth to change its shape and / or colour. Linking also refers to how a filler, an application or some orthodontic fixed partial dentures joined teeth.

 M


Minimally invasive surgery
Surgical technique involving a minimum amount of soft tissue and bone or gum.

Molars
You have eight in all. Four top-four down, two senior rights and left two superiors, two lower rights and two lower left. There are teeth that have a large area to crush and chew food, located at the rear of the mouth.
There are also known as third molars Wisdom teeth, these are 4. 2 above and two below, there are people who do not have these molars, if those who have often must resort to a specialist to be removed because they are encapsulated in the bone and never erupcionan.

 O


On-teeth
Prosthetic device supported by implants or the roots of at least two natural teeth in order to better stabilize the denture.

Orthodontics
Branch of dentistry that is responsible for diagnosing and correcting abnormalities bad tooth positions and / or jaw, proofreaders devices or surgery.

 P


Pediatrics
Branch dentistry dedicated to dental treatment in children. .

Periapical
The area around the tip of the root of a tooth.

Periodontics
Branch of dentistry that is responsible for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the gums, bones and tissues that support the teeth.

Periodontitis
Chronic inflammation of the gums and destruction of bone and support of the membranes surrounding the roots of the teeth.

Plate dento-bacterial
Film or layer composed of bacteria that accumulates on the surface of teeth. The plaque can cause tooth decay and gum irritation if not removed with the daily operations of brushing and flossing.

Pontic
The portion of a dental bridge that replaces missing teeth.

Post
Spike metal is inserted into the root of the tooth after endodontic treatment is used in teeth too destroyed to help its reconstruction as a medium for crown.

Premolares
Beside the canines are premolars. You have eight in total, 4 above 2 rights and two left, four below two rights and two left. They are big and strong teeth have undulations and this makes them perfect for crush and crush food.

Prophylaxis
Professional dental cleaning to remove plaque, calculus (plaque mineralized) and spots to prevent dental disease.

Prosthodontics
Branch of dentistry that is responsible for the replacement of missing teeth with artificial materials, such as fixed bridges or removable dentures.

 R


Radiographs of the X-Ray Film
X-rays revealed the crowns of several upper teeth and lower while bite down.

Resin
Composite material shutter color of the teeth, which is used mainly for the front teeth for their high aesthetic value. While higher from the aesthetic point of view, is generally less durable than other materials.

Restorations
Replacing the missing tooth structure or damaged by decay or artificial materials.

Restore dental mold
The process by which uses a mold of the tooth (printing) to create a piece shaped, which will replace the missing pieces. Example: a crown.

Root Canal
Space within the portion of the root of a tooth that contains tissue of flesh.

Root canal treatment
The elimination of tissue pulp of a tooth because of decay or injury.

 S


Scaling root
Treating periodontal disease, which consists of the scraping of the roots of a tooth to remove bacteria and tartar.

Sealant
Thin plastic material used to cover the surface of the tooth bite of a child to prevent cavities.

Sedation
A state controlled medically sense pressed while keeping the airway of the patient, protective reflexes and the ability to respond to stimulation or verbal commands. It includes the administration of intravenous sedative agent (s) and / or analgesic and proper supervision.

 T


Teeth Incisivos or Previous
The teeth of the centre at the front of the mouth are incisors. There are four up and four down, two upper and lower central and two lateral upper and lower, have the form of small chisels, planes and ends with something sharp. These teeth are used for cutting food.

Titanium
Biomaterial used for implants.

Tooth impacted
Tooth located within the bone and / or soft tissue, and was not likely erupcione spontaneously.
Plastic coating a thin layer of plastic or porcelain that is applied to the front surface of a tooth to restore, enhance or improve their appearance.