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Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics

Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics

Orthodontics is the area of dentistry concerned with the control, alignment and correction of the growing maturity or dentofacial structures, including those conditions that require movement of teeth or correction of deformities malrelationships and its related structures and adjustment of the relationship between teeth and bones by the application of forces and / or encouragement and reorientation of the forces within the complex craniofacial functional.


    The main commitments of the practice of orthodontics include the diagnosis, prevention, interception and treatment of all forms of malocclusion of teeth and changes in the structures of their environment, design, implementation and monitoring of functional and corrective devices, and the orientation of the teeth and their supporting structures to achieve and maintain optimal relations occlusal in physiological and aesthetic harmony between cranial and facial structures.
    (Definition adopted by the ADA December, 1980)
    (Nomination Approved by the ADA October, 1994)


    OrthodonticsThe instruments or orthodontic appliances such as braces and retainers to exert pressure on the teeth and / or jaw, forcing the teeth to be more aligned. These devices are popular for their aesthetic benefits, as they can pull teeth together to eliminate the gaps and push the teeth apart to avoid overlap. However, straighten their teeth improvement over his smile; poorly aligned teeth can cause other complications. Irregularities in the jaw can cause the roof of the mouth to block their nasal cavities, leading to breathing difficulties.

    These potential problems can be prevented with the use of braces. Finally, recent research suggests that even the brakes could play an indirect role in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases; people who used brakes learn to care for their teeth, therefore, reduce the number of oral bacteria (bacteria oral calcium dissolves in the mouth and pushes it in the arteries, which can lead to cardiovascular disease).


    Orthodontic treatment is carried out at any age, although dentists recommend initiating the process while the child is still growing. Most patients begin orthodontic treatment in adolescence, however, orthodontists recommend bringing orthodontic treatment with the use of a front side and / or palate expander to stretch his jaw and / or expand its mouth, at the age eight or nine, age of permanence that dental teeth fall into place. With interceptive orthodontic treatment, once the permanent teeth of children have grown up and that he or she is ready for the use of brakes, the mouth has been formed so that the teeth can easily be in place.

    Interceptive treatment can reduce wear on the brakes period of up to 3-6 months in some cases. The success of orthodontic treatment can occur later in life, too, but in general, the earlier you start, the process will be less painful.


    Orthodontics Orthodontics is a program that is designed to educate dentists to become leaders in the profession of orthodontics and is committed to developing the following qualities in students: ethics, integrity, scholarship, open-mindedness, his wisdom, The ability to communicate and interact with patients, and manual ability to provide treatment.

    This is a program 35 months leading to a Certificate in Orthodontics and Master of Science in Dental Science with a specialization in orthodontics. This is a highly competitive program they receive each year many applicants.